Any traditional or specific game with playing cards is called card game. A card game is played with a pack of cards which are identical in shape and size. Card playing history dates back to the 10th century were Central Asia is supposed to have taken the first effort in introducing card games. But documents show that Chinese put the card games in to effect, trying newer techniques.
From Islamic empire, cards entered Europe with pictures of swords and cup symbols. In Europe these were replaced by representations of Kings and Knights. These Islamic cards also entered Spain. Those were also the days were we had hand painted cards with beautiful representations. There were traditional designs as well as fancy cards.
France gave vent to the idea of simple designs and pictures on the cards and those we use today saw their beginning in France. Thus spades, diamonds and hearts began to be used more on cards. It then began to be used in England and then in America.
About 1800, Americans began using their cards. They invented Joker, the highest card in the game of Euchre.
The first pack of card in Europe comprised of 52 cards in total. This was further enhanced by the idea of adding more cards to the number and thus was born the idea of tarot pack. They contained 78 cards at first and this was klondike solitaire turn one extended to 97 and more.
New fashion and techniques came up and newer ideas began to be employed in the cards in a very large scale. As a result numeral cards were replaced by design cards. Till date many transformations happened in the field of cards and it has become a trend to use the latest in the card playing field.
A set of generally accepted rules will be maintained in playing card games and the flexible dealing is done before the actual game starts. There are different types of card games. They are, trick taking games, gambling card games, Solitaire games, Collectible card games, etc.
1. Trick taking games
Card games with a different play structure are called as trick taking games. These games use the concept of a trick, were during each trick each player puts one card from his hand. When everyone finishes playing a card to the trick, they are turned face down and removed from play. One player will have the lead for each trick and other players play according to their physical position.